17th International Architecture Exhibition—Venice Biennale 2020–2021

22 May–21 November 2021, Venice, Artiglierie, Arsenale

Representative: Idis Turato 

Idis Turato (1965) is a Croatian architect and professor at the Faculty of Architecture in Zagreb and a visiting professor at the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade, Ljubljana, and Split. He has won all important Croatian and regional awards for architecture, and his projects have been nominated for the most important European award for architecture—EU Mies van der Rohe Award—11 times. Idis Turat is participating in the Venice Architecture Biennale for the third time, but this is the first time he is in the role of the commissioner of the Croatian performance. He represented Croatia in 2006 as a co-author of the project “In Between” (curator Vedran Mimica, commissioner Andrija Rusan and the Ministry of Culture and Media of the Republic of Croatia), and in 2010, as a co-author of the project “Pavillion” together with 15 Croatian architects (commissioner Leo Modrčin and the Ministry of Culture and Media of the Republic of Croatia).

Project: “Togetherness / Togetherless”

The Togetherness / Togetherless pavilion is a spatial composition that explores the ways in which basic elements of architecture can be used to create a temporary community. The neologistic title TOGETHERNESS / TOGETHERLESS in English refers to the individual’s need for closeness and being together, but also the inability to ever fully achieve it. The layers of history, references, and context inscribed into the concept of the pavilion are greatly drawn from the city of Rijeka and its experience as the European Capital of Culture in 2020, as well as many years of research and exhibition activities as part of the programs within the project. The appearance of the pavilion is determined by three fundamental elements: the base, the column, and the roof. They are materialised by using resources from Rijeka’s industry and industrial heritage, as well as a green-screen background which defines the pavilion as a random stage and film set for creating new narratives.
The team of authors of the “Togetherness / Togetherless” pavilion and project consists of a multi-disciplinary combination of interrelated and dependent professions, namely, architect Ida Križaj Leko, art historian Morana Matković, architect and photographer Ivan Dorotić, sociologist Davor Mišković, designers Maša Poljanec and Leo Kirinčić, architect Jana Horvat and culturologist Renato Stanković.

The authors were invited to participate and brought into the team of authors at the initiative of the commissioner Idis Turat, as a natural succession to previous numerous collaborations on the programs “Sweet & Salt” and “Dopolavoro” within the Rijeka 2020—European Capital of Culture project. Referring to the open call of the 17th Venice Biennale—International Architecture Exhibition on “How will we live together” and the request of Hashim Sarkis, the curator of this year’s Biennale, to include a wider range of collaborators in the teams in charge of the conceptualisation and performance of pavilions, in addition to the multi-disciplinary team of authors, the contribution of specialised local tradesmen, craftsmen, and experts, as well as shipyard workers, who have emphasised the local context of the pavilion with their manual work, experience and skills, is particularly important.


©Togetherness_Togetherless – Croazia – Biennale Architettura 2021 – photo Hrvoje Franjic
©Togetherness_Togetherless – Croazia – Biennale Architettura 2021 – photo Bosnic + Dorotic